Salvador Dalí (11 May 1904 – 23 January 1989)

Salvador Dali was born in Figueres, Spain (Catalonia). His full name was Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, but he wisely chose the professional working name of Salvador Dalí! His father was a lawyer; his mother had an artistic sensitivity and encouraged her son's passion. In 1922 he moved to Madrid...

Meeting Picasso

Dalí developed in Madrid, both with his painting work and his personal style. He became known for his eccentric clothes and mannerisms. In 1926, he traveled to Paris and was fortunate enough to meet an artist he held in high regard, Pablo Picasso. Picasso was already a very famous painter at the time and his work influenced the young artist. Dalí flourished and created one of his most famous works in 1931...

Dan the Info-man
Salvador Dalí grew his famous moustache in the 1920s, influenced by a painter called Diego Velázquez!

It is not called "melting watches" or "floppy clocks"!

The Persistence of Memory is the proper name for the most famous work by Dalí. In 1934 he married Elena Ivanovna Diakonova (better known as Gala Dalí). The 1930s continued to be good for the artist, and he was featured on the cover of Time magazine in 1936. In 1938 he met icons like Sigmund Freud and Coco Chanel. His fame was rising, his work was popular - but he was not popular with his fellow surrealists...

Dan the Info-man
The Persistence of Memory is owned by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.

Shunned by the surrealists and embracing controversy

The artists who were part of the surrealist movement held issue with Dalí. They believed he had embraced commercialism too much, and they were also disturbed by his reluctance to condemn fascism. After the Second World War, Dalí and Gala often spent time in Spain, which was under the fascist dictatorship of Franco. This further alienated the surrealists from the Catalonian genius. But regardless of his political choices, Dalí still continued to produce magnificent works of art...

A man of many interests

Dalí was a curious person and he injected his knowledge into his paintings. Religion, mathematics, war, science, love, humanity - they all appear in his work. He worked on the Dalí Theatre and Museum in Figueres (opened in 1974) and was involved in film, photography, sculpture, fashion, theater and architecture. He was a Renaissance man in the style of a surrealist...

Dan the Info-man
This painting is called Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus), created in 1954. It is now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

Final years, death and legacy

In 1982, Dalí became nobility, with the title Marqués de Dalí de Púbol. Sadly, Gala died the same year, which greatly affected the artist. Dalí died in 1989, at the age of 84, and he was buried in the crypt of his museum in Figueres. His work has influenced many modern artists, and he never stopped being a surrealist, regardless of being distant from the movement. His works of art can be found all around the world and enjoyed by fans who are still amazed by his level of creativity.

Dan the Info-man
The Chupa Chups logo was designed by Dalí in 1969! Chupa Chups are a tasty brand of lollipop from Spain.
Have a comment or suggestion?