Erich Hartmann was born on 19 April 1922 in Weissach, Württemberg, to Doctor Alfred Erich Hartmann and his wife, Elisabeth Wilhelmine Machtholf. The economic depression that followed World War I in Germany prompted Doctor Hartmann to find work in Changsha, China, and Erich spent his early childhood there.
Hartmann has a total kill count that far surpassed anyone else. The Germans had the most notorious pilots of WWII.
Eino Ilmari "Illu" Juutilainen (21 February 1914 - 21 February 1999) was a fighter pilot of the Ilmavoimat ( Finnish Air Force), and the top scoring non-German fighter pilot of all time.
Lieutenant Junior Grade Tetsuzō Iwamoto was one of the top scoring aces among Imperial Japanese Navy Air Force (IJNAF) fighter pilots. He entered the Imperial Navy in 1934 and completed pilot training in December 1936. His first combat occurred over China in early 1938.
Constantin Cantacuzino (nicknamed Bâzu; 11 November 1905 - 26 May 1958) was a Romanian aviator, one of his country's leading World War II fighter aces, and a member of the Cantacuzino family.
Chief Marshal of Aviation Ivan Kozhedub ( Russian: Иван Hикитович Кожедуб; Ukrainian: Іван Микитович Кожедуб; June 8, 1920 - August 8, 1991) was a Soviet military aviator and a World War II fighter ace. Kozhedub took a part in the Korean War as a commander of the 324th Fighter Air Division.
8 June 1920 - 8 August 1991
Mato Dukovac (23 October 1918 - September 1990) was the leading Croatian fighter ace of World War II, credited with between 40 and 44 confirmed kills. He joined the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia following the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, and then the , with which he flew combat missions on the Eastern Front.
Richard Ira "Dick" Bong (September 24, 1920 - August 6, 1945) was a United States Army Air Forces flying ace and a recipient of the Medal of Honor. He was one of the most-decorated fighter pilots and the United States' highest-scoring air ace in the war, being credited with shooting down 40 Japanese aircraft.
Marmaduke Thomas St John Pattle, (3 July 1914 - 20 April 1941), usually known as Pat Pattle, was a South African-born Second World War fighter pilot and flying ace (an aviator credited with the destruction of five or more enemy aircraft in aerial combat) of the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Air Vice Marshal James Edgar Johnson, (9 March 1915 - 30 January 2001), nicknamed "Johnnie", was a Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot and flying ace-defined as a pilot that has shot down five or more enemy aircraft in aerial combat-who flew and fought during the Second World War.