Petra is sometimes known as the Rose City because of the color of the stone it has been carved from.
It is possible that Petra dates as far back as the 5th century BC! Over half a million visitors a year get to enjoy this fantastic wonder.
The Treasury is probably the most familiar feature of Petra and has turned up in many movies, such as Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade!
The Nabataeans were an Arab people who lived in Petra (which they called Raqmu). Jordan relies on tourist income for its economy.
Petra became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. It has also been picked as one of the New7Wonders of the World.
The site covers a huge area of 102 square miles! There are tombs, temples, a treasury and even an amphitheatre!
Petra came under Roman rule for a while and was conquered by the Arabs. It was rediscovered in 1812 by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a Swiss explorer.
Petra has to face many threats, such as rock erosion, flooding, insufficient restoration processes and overwhelming tourist traffic.
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