The name "Amazon" came from the warrior women of Greek myth: the Amazons. Male and female tribal warriors had fought ferociously against Spanish exploration parties.
2.5 million insect species, 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles - with many more to be discovered!
Amazonia has suffered from droughts and there are scientists who believe the area could become a desert one day, which would greatly harm the planet's climate.
It has been estimated that Amazonia is home to 390 billion individual trees! That's 52 trees per person currently on the planet (7.5 billion)!
Those billions of trees can be classified into thousands of species. However, deforestation projects are still ongoing.
The rainforest covers 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi). The Amazon basin itself has an area of 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi)!
The Amazon river winds its course through the Amazon rainforest. Its many tributaries drain into the basin.
The rainforest is home to many dangeous animals: jaguars, anacondas, electric eels, piranhas, poison dart frogs, vampire bats, bullet ants and even black caimans.
The rest of the rainforest is in Peru (13%), Colombia (10%) and parts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
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