There are 887 known Moai statues. They were created by the Rapa Nui people who lived on Easter Island.
It is believed the statues were a physical representation of power and authority, with also a religious or spiritual element involved.
Rano Raraku is the name of the volcanic crater and quarry where many of the statues were made.
Jacob Roggeveen was the Dutch explorer who coined the name Easter Island, as he arrived there on Easter Sunday, 1722. The inhabitants called it Rapa Nui.
Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian explorer, discovered a lot about the Moai, including how some had huge bodies buried into the ground!
Hoa Hakananai'a is the name of the Moai statue found in the British Museum in London. It was taken by British sailors from the island in 1868.
The Moai were toppled by different tribal clans and earthquakes. Many have been restored. Some of the statues could be up to 1,000 years old!
In 2008, a Finnish tourist hacked off one of the statue's earlobes and got fined $17,000 for his thoughtless act.
There has been plenty of discussion of how the Moai were moved and raised, but it seems it came down to a lot of effort from the local populace!
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