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1450 AD

Leia Morgan
It is believed Machu Picchu was created around 1450, but was abandoned barely a century later, in 1572.

"Old Peak"

Leia Morgan
"Machu Picchu" comes from the Quechua language and means "old peak." Quechua was the main language of the Incans.

2,500 visitors a day

Leia Morgan
The site is restricted to 2,500 visitors a day due to concerns about damage. Only 400 people a day can enter Huayna Picchu (the famous peak facing Machu Picchu).

10 million Incans

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The Inca Empire had a population of around 10 million in the early 16th century. It was a huge and powerful empire at the time.

772,204 square miles...

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Or 2,000,000 sq km - the Incan Empire covered all or parts of modern Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and Colombia.

Hiram Bingham III

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This American explorer made Machu Picchu public to the world. Before he visited the citadel in 1911, it had been mostly forgotten by the outside world.
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